Ahmadiyya: Growth and Development of a Persecuted Community

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Abdul Rashid Moten

Abstract

Ahmadiyya, a group, founded in the 19th century India, has suffered fierce persecution in various parts of the Muslim world where governments have declared them to be non-Muslims. Despite opposition from mainstream Muslims, the movement continued its proselytising efforts and currently boasts millions of followers worldwide. Based on the documentary sources and other scholarly writings, this paper judges the claims made by the movement's founder, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, analyses the consequences of the claims and examines their proselytizing strategies. This paper found that the claims made by Mirza were not in accordance with the belief of mainstream Muslims, which led to their persecution. The reasons for their success in recruiting millions of members worldwide is to be found in their philanthropic activities, avoidance of violence and pursuit of peace inherent in their doctrine of jihad, exerting in the way of God, not by the sword but by the pen.

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Author Biography

Abdul Rashid Moten, International Islamic University Malaysia

He earned his BA (Hons) and MA from Dhaka University Bangladesh; MA from Villanova University, Pennsylvania, USA; and Ph.D. from the University of Alberta, Canada. He has lectured political science at many universities

for around 45 years. He has extensive experience as an administrator. He has authored and edited 28 books and monographs and has contributed over 150 articles in internationally refereed journals and encyclopaedias. He is the editor of the International Journal of Islamic Thoughts, the flagship journal of the Bangladesh Institute of Islamic Thoughts. E-mail: rashidmoten@gmail.com